Academic session II

ACADEMIC SESSION II

November 16, 2021
14:40 – 17:20

Chair: Dr. Anna H. Jankowiak
Director of the International Cooperation Center
Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
Opening & welcome
Dr. Maria Knecht-Tarczewska
Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on shopping center industry
Shopping centres are an inseparable element of modern cities, influencing their socio-economic space. The presentation will focus on impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on shopping centres’ operation and its stakeholder groups’ interests. The conceptual model of the connections between shopping centres’ operation and stakeholders’ interests, taking into account the consequences of the pandemic situation, will be presented. The research results are based on the analysis of Polish and foreign publications, both academic and professional. It provides critical insights and indicates problem areas that require special attention from researchers and business practitioners. The research findings outline how COVID-19 may trigger longer term adaptive responses in the retail industry. The presentation is a voice in the scientific discussion on retail development with a particular focus on shopping centres and the post-covid situation
Dr. hab, prof. SGH Kuźnar Andżelika
Warsaw School of Economics
The Economic Foundations for Cooperation of the Democratic Security Diamond States
The study analyses the economic ties between the Asian partners of the Democratic Security Diamond (DSD), i.e. Australia, India and Japan, as well as with their strategic allies (USA, EU) and rivals (China, Russia) in the context of theoretical considerations regarding the relationship between politics and the economy. We analysed selected indicators of economic cooperation, i.e.: bilateral trade in total goods and services and in cultural goods and services, as well as flows of foreign direct investment. The data on economic cooperation do not indicate the closeness of such ties among the Asian DSD countries. Nor are unambiguous and significant changes in this regard over time evident. We are inclined to conclude that the following hypothesis holds true for DSD countries: international trade (economic cooperation) reduces political conflict (builds a culture of socio-political cooperation), and in turn, this culture increases international economic cooperation. Despite the not-so-close economic relations between DSD partners in Asia, this is a factor for stability in the region.
Prof. dr. hab. Jerzy Menkes
Warsaw School of Economics
Rivalry or Cooperation? The nature of relations between European NATO members and the democratic states of the Indo-Pacific
The subject of this study is the changes in the relations of NATO members with the democratic states of the Indo-Pacific region and in relations within NATO. The changes are a consequence of a tri-lateral agreement (AUKUS, Australia, the UK and the US) to deepen cooperation in the sphere of “diplomatic, security and defense” relations. The cooperation is a response to challenges from the West’s strategic rival(s). The consequence of the agreement is the evolution of a regional alliance system (“hub and spokes”) into institutionalised multilateral cooperation. However, the agreement (its modus operandi) has created a crisis in France’s relations with the participants and is prompting the EU to rethink its global and regional strategy. The legal and political framework for building a new security architecture and the significance of the turbulence for Western institutions are analysed.
mgr Joanna Zubilewicz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
The concept of global wealth tax on the example of selected countries in Asia and the Pacific
The pandemic situation around the world has created a new approach to economies, since then the formulation of new economic policies has begun, and new concepts in economics have gained more importance. The aim of the article is to present preliminary research on global wealth tax and an attempt to describe this tax on the example of countries such as: China, India, etc. Based on economic data from statistical yearbooks for selected countries of the BRICS group and the information centre of the global industry using the Bayesian test of point estimates with a modal value and analysis of variance for a quantitative dependent variable and a single independent factor, attempts were made to determine the relationship between labour market efficiency and income GDP per capita. On the basis of the study, conclusions were formulated.
mgr Paweł Gliniak
Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
Projecting the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on the economic inequality in Thailand
The purpose of the submitted material is to analyze the income and wealth inequality of Thailand. The following work will be complemented by a forecast of the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on inequality. In analyzing the country’s inequality, it is essential to emphasize that a crucial element is its historical and institutional background. Thailand is one of the unequal societies in the region. The author of the material takes a closer look at the reasons for this situation. The result of which is the concentration of capital by a narrow group of military, business and political elites. Although the country’s economy has undergone a dynamic transformation after World War II, today, however, income and wealth inequalities are still pronounced. Much of the population remains employed in agriculture, and capital and economic growth accumulate around the capital or other cities. Parallel to significant inequality, the country is experiencing violent political and socio-economic conflicts. The multiplicity of coups and the frequency of protests can give the impression of chaos. Tensions are attempted to be controlled by an authoritarian military government, who seized power following a coup in 2014. In the author’s opinion, the COVID-19 epidemic and the authorities’ management both deepened the political crisis and exposed the economy’s shortcomings. In preparing the material, the author has based on reports by such entities as the OECD, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, ASEAN, and data from the ministries of the Thai government. He also draws on the work of economists such as Pikkety, Milanovic, and Phongpaichit.
Dr. Mario Chong
Universidad del Pacífico, Peru
A methodology for managing public spaces to increase access to essential goods and services by vulnerable populations during the COVID-19 pandemic
The purpose of this paper is to present a spatial decision support system (SDSS) to be used by the local authorities of a city in the planning and response phase of a disaster. The SDSS focuses on the management of public spaces as a resource to increase a vulnerable population’s accessibility to essential goods and services. Using a web-based platform, the SDSS would support data-driven decisions, especially for cases such as the COVID-19 pandemic which requires special care in quarantine situations (which imply walking access instead of by other means of transport).
Dr. hab. prof UEW Przemysław Jeremi Skulski
Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on International Security
The concept of international security is related to the existing system of political, economic and military forces. Each of these areas has been greatly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. It seems to be even more significant than the global financial crisis 2007/2008+. For this reason, the pandemic can be perceived as a factor accelerating the change of the existing international order and the construction of a new security system. Due to the fact that East Asia is better at fighting the pandemic than the US and Europe, it can be expected that the global distribution of power will continue to shift in this direction. At the same time, the pandemic may contribute to the acceleration of the process of world polarization and the appearance of new threats to international security
Prof. dr hab. Bogusława Drelich-Skulska
Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
Dr. hab. prof UEW Sebastian Bobowski
Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
Global Value Chains in East Asia in the Period of Covid-19 Pandemic – Perspective Of Japan
Global value chains (GVCs) are regarded as activities carried out by enterprises located in different locations as participants of a vertically integrated production process, from the creation of the product (good or service) to its final application, i.e. design, production, marketing, distribution and support for the end consumer, determining the value that is provided. GVCs have become an inherent component of the economic landscape of East Asia, one of key pillars of regional integration processes and division of labor based on fragmentation and specialization. Authors study the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on GVCs in East Asia from the perspective of Japan, using monthly trade statistics 2020-2021. Paper reveals short-term disruptive impact on trade statistics, as well as medium and long-term implications for GVCs. An important component of analysis is the context of non-tariff measures introduced by the government of Japan under trade policy in response to the health crisis.

Julia Majewska
Wroclaw University of Economics and Business
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the importance of social media in Thailand

The aim of this article is to examine the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the importance of social media in Thailand. The focus was on identifying the prevailing trends among average users. The survey was conducted by taking into account many aspects such as the number of hours spent on social media per day, preferred services and the reasons for using the so-called new media. The variety of social networking sites contributes to the dynamic growth of virtual space. The development of the platforms is visible, among others, through the increase in the number of active users each year. The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic directly contributed to greater human dependence on virtual space. Users may struggle with addictions caused by unlimited access to the Internet. The article makes a special distinction between the importance of social media before and during the pandemic. After analyzing the data from the study, the most important conclusions were identified.

Discussion